Building the Base for Global Food Security: Agricultural Education and Training
Agricultural Education and Training (AET) is a fundamental component of long-term sustainable development. However, for the past two decades, a lack of funding and support has resulted in vastly diminished capacity of previously robust agricultural institutions. Modern AET investments remain critical to develop sector capacity and improve global food security.
Going forward, investors must consider the “lessons learned” from past initiatives in order to best direct their resources. USAID tasked Weidemann Associates to review past AET efforts, identify sound practices to emulate, and highlight pitfalls to avoid in the future. In January, Weidemann held a roundtable to gather input from over 20 AET experts with diverse experiences in the field. In April, Weidemann released a comprehensive synthesis paper that lays out precise recommendations for international donors on the best ways to move forward with AET. The paper, linked under “Supporting Resources” below, explores the critical knowledge and information services that AET institutions provide to create a qualified human resource base for developing countries.
This seminar outlined the history of USAID’s investment in Agricultural Education and Training and highlighted key recommendations from the synthesis paper.
Agricultural Education Today
The current mission of agricultural education-to prepare and support individuals for careers, build awareness and develop leadership for the food, fiber, and natural resource systems accurately articulates the vision of the future of agriculture.
Preparing and supporting individuals for careers recognizes their need for lifelong learning, a foundation of vocational education legislation. Building awareness is an integral part of that mission, as well. The percent of the population involved in production is declining; thus, the general public is unable to completely understand food production from beginning to end. Developing leadership, also rooted in the early days of agricultural education, is the cornerstone of the FFA program, the National Postsecondary Agricultural Student Organization (PAS), Collegiate FFA and the National Young Farmer Educational Association (NYFEA).
Fewer mandates by the Federal and National organizations mean this mission is not meant to be a prescription for programs at every level, rather it should provide direction for agricultural educators in developing their own mission for their particular program.
Goal 1: To update instruction in and expand programs about the food, fiber, and natural resources systems.
Updating instruction in agricultural education programs will always be a challenge. Evolving from primarily production to the ever-changing science, business and technology of agriculture involves major changes in the content of instruction. Today’s content involves agricultural science and technology, managed ecosystems for providing food and fiber, animal welfare, agribusiness marketing, global communications, public policy handling, environmental and natural resource management, food processing, safety and nutrition, forestry, horticulture, floriculture and landscape design, construction and the list continues.
Local teachers are charged with providing a broad array of technical information for the diverse occupational needs of their students. To meet this challenge, several states have established curriculum laboratories to assist local teachers. One national leadership group, The National Council for Agricultural Education, uses its direct contact with agribusinesses to provide cutting edge curriculum for state and local use. Likewise, agricultural educators should increase their involvement in educating more students about agriculture. The American people must be literate about their food system if we are to continue to prosper.
Goal 2: To serve all people and groups equally and without discrimination.
The greatest resource for a productive agriculture and food system is people. Strength is found in diversity-ethnic, gender, physical, economical, and geographic. Historically, agricultural education was only attractive to male students in rural areas. However, with the growing number of diverse agricultural careers strength can be found in those who bring a broader scope of experience to the industry.
Goal 3: To amplify and expand the “whole person” concept of education, including leadership, personal, and interpersonal skills.
Effective teaching and learning goes far beyond sharing information. A key ingredient in the success of agricultural education is in the program pedagogy orchestrated by caring, well-trained teachers. The art of connecting formal instruction with application of information to real life situations makes learning relevant and stimulating. The inclusion of providing individual and group recognition for worthy accomplishments through FFA, PAS, and NYFEA adds a valuable dimension to the educational experience. This affirmation fosters confidence, initiative, responsible citizenship, leadership, and the development of personal and interpersonal skills. Individuals must have these “whole person” characteristics, which go beyond cognitive knowledge, to be successful in their pursuit of a career.
Goal 4: To develop educational programs that continually and systematically respond to the marketplace.
A common expectation of agricultural educators at all levels is to connect and work with the agricultural industry they serve. The benefits to students range from direct placement in a business for their SAE to a job after graduation. The teacher and the instructional program benefit by having access to cutting edge information currently used in the industry.
Goal 5: To provide the stimuli that foster the spirit of free enterprise and develops creative entrepreneurship and innovation.
A basic value of many involved in agriculture is the desire to own and operate a business. The Agricultural Education Strategic Plan cites preparing students for job employment is only part of the program charge, the true greatness of business is found in the spirit of competition. As a result, agricultural educators are expected to foster the recognition of entrepreneurial opportunities and business ownership and operation.
Goal 6: To provide leadership and cultivate strong partnerships in the total educational system. Partnerships help create successful agricultural education programs. Developing partnerships with other teachers not only promotes collaboration but provides continuity between students’ coursework. Partnering with community colleges and universities provides greater access for students to attain a higher degree. Utilizing community and business leaders’ resources assures access to work-based learning and community support.
Goal 7: To elevate and extend our standards of excellence in classroom and laboratory instruction, supervised experiences, and student organizations
Agricultural educators have the ability to enhance their content, delivery, and support by using six keys identified through the Local Program Success (LPS) initiative. Three components (instruction, supervised agricultural experience, and FFA) and three strategies (marketing, partnerships, and professional growth) serve as cornerstones of the program. Successful teachers developed an LPS guide that is utilized by other teachers. This sharing of ideas elevates and extends the standards of excellence which agricultural education is founded.
Simply put, the purpose of agriculture programs in local public schools is to produce capable, knowledgeable, contributing citizens. As agricultural educators we must play an integral role in preparing and supporting students for agricultural careers, building awareness of the industry and developing leadership skills through education